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Glossary

Counting

Ichi - One
Ni - Two
San - Three
Shi - Four
Go - Five
Roku - Six
Shichi - Seven
Hachi - Eight
Kyu - Nine
Ju - Ten

Instructions

Mawate - Turn
Yame - Stop
Yoi - Ready
Osu- I Understand, Ok, I will do my best
Sensei - Class Teacher
Hajime - Begin, Go
Rei - Bow

Punches & Strikes  - Atemi waza

 Oi zuke – stepping punch
Kizami zuke – jab punch
Gyaku zuke – reverse punch
Ura zuke – close uppercut punch
Kage zuke – hook punch
Yama zuke – wide “u” punch
 Shuto uchi – knife hand strike
Haito uchi – ridge hand strike
Empi uchi – elbow strike
Uraken uchi – back fist strike
Tetsui uchi – hammer fist strike
Taisho uchi – palm heel strike
Nukite uchi – spear hand strike
Ippon ken – one finger fist

 Kicks - Keri waza

 Mae geri – front snap kick
Yoko geri kekome – side thrust kick
Yoko geri keage – side snap kick
Mawashi geri – round house kick
Ushiro geri – reverse thrust kick
Ura Mawashi geri – inside round house kick
Ushiro Mawashi geri – spinning round house kick

Blocks - Uke waza

 Age uke – rising head block
Soto uke – outside midsection block
Gedan barai – downward sweeping block
Uchi uke – inside midsection block
Shuto uke – knife-hand block
Morote uke – augmented block (turning block)
Juju uke – “X” block
Nagashi uke – flowing block
Osai uke – pressing block
Tsukami uke – grabbing block
Haishu uke – backhand block

 

Stances - Dachi

 

Shizentai (Natural Stance)
Zenkutsu Dachi (Front Stance)
Kokutsu Dachi (Back stance)
Kiba Dachi (Horse stance)
Shiko Dachi (Square stance)
Hangetsu Dachi (Half moon stance)
Fudo Dachi (Rooted stance) or Sochin Dachi
Sanchin Dachi ("Three wars" stance)
Neko Ashi Dachi (Cat foot stance)
Kosa Dachi (Cross-legged stance)

 Body Parts

Jodan - Upper body (Head)
Chudan - Middle (of body, i.e. torso)
Gedan - Downward; Lower, waist or below
Empi - ElbowHaito - Ridge Hand
Sokuto - Edge of foot, the striking area in yokogeri kekomi
Teisho - Heel Palm
Ushiro – Back, rear